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Piccolo trumpet

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The smallest of the trumpet family is the piccolo trumpet. The most common of these are built to play in both B-flat and A, with separate leadpipes for each key. The tubing in the B-flat piccolo trumpet is exactly one-half the length of that in a standard B-flat trumpet. Piccolo trumpets in G, F and even high C are also manufactured, but are rarer. Many players use a smaller mouthpiece on the piccolo trumpet. Because of the smaller mouthpiece size, endurance is often limited and the sound production technique is different from that used on the B-flat trumpet. Almost all piccolo trumpets have four valves instead of the usual three: the fourth valve takes the instrument down in pitch, usually by a fourth, to facilitate the playing of lower notes. Maurice Andre, Wynton Marsalis and Hakan Hardenberger are some of the more well-known piccolo trumpet players.

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Taken from Wikipedia's Trumpet article, under Types of trumpets.

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This article was started using a Wikipedia trumpet article
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